It’s common to let employees drive company trucks to and from home.
If your operation offers this perk, your drivers and supervisors must fully understand how to use the personal conveyance (PC) provision or face violations.
Roadside Inspections: Avoiding Violations & Ensuring Safety
Since its inception as a distinct roadside violation, inspectors have cited drivers nearly 23,000 times for improper use of the PC provision.
The PC violation, cited as “395.8E1PC,” came into being in late August 2021 as a distinct type of log falsification. The Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) scoring system uses this roadside inspection violation. The violation carries seven points, the same as any other violation for falsifying a log.
The hours-of-service regulations themselves do not mention personal conveyance, and those rules have not changed. However, the relatively new way to cite a PC violation helps the FMCSA quantify how many drivers are abusing the PC exception.
The agency does not require officers to use the new citation, so some may still lump PC violations under 395.8(e), the catch-all rule for log falsification.
What is PC? (Personal Conveyance, Not Politcal Correctness)
When used properly, the PC exception allows drivers to log commercial vehicle driving time as off-duty. Such off-duty driving is allowed only for personal reasons, such as to commute to or from work or to get to a restaurant or grocery store.
To use a vehicle for personal conveyance, the driver:
- Must be relieved from work and all responsibility for performing work,
- Must not be too ill or fatigued to drive safely and
- Must ensure that the movement will not benefit the company in any way.
When is PC Allowed?
Acceptable examples of PC include:
- Driving from an en route lodging (e.g., motel or truck stop) to and from restaurants, entertainment facilities, stores, etc., for personal reasons.
- Commuting between home and a terminal or a trailer drop lot.
- Driving to the first reasonably available and safe location to get required rest after running out of hours while loading or unloading and ordered to move the vehicle.
- Moving a vehicle at the request of a safety official during the driver’s off-duty time.
- Transporting personal property while off duty.
- Driving home from a remote jobsite or “base camp” where the driver was stationed for a while (such as when working for a construction or utility company).
What Does Not Qualify as PC?
Certain instances are not acceptable as PC, including:
- Driving to a company terminal, the normal work-reporting location, or home after loading or unloading at a shipper or receiver.
- Driving that “enhances the operational readiness” of the company, " such as skipping an available rest area to get closer to the next work destination.
- Driving to or from a facility for maintenance or to get fuel.
- Continuing a trip to fulfill a business purpose, such as bobtailing or pulling an empty trailer to retrieve another load or repositioning a tractor or trailer at the company’s direction.
- After delivering a trailer, returning to the point of origin under the direction of the company to pick up another trailer.
- Driving to get rest after being placed out of service for exceeding the hours-of-service limits, unless told to do so by an enforcement officer.
Thousands of drivers are being cited for violating the personal conveyance provision, so make sure your drivers know what’s acceptable regarding personal use of a commercial vehicle.