According to an American Trucking Associations report, most crashes are caused by private passenger driver behavior.
The task of driving requires keen multitasking skills — operating the fuel and brake pedals, observing your changing surroundings, responding to road signs, weather conditions, and more.
Factoring in common distractions like cellphones and GPS directions further increases the likelihood of error.
It’s more important than ever for commercial drivers to minimize their distractions and to receive training on defensive driving techniques and always leave themselves an “out” to protect themselves from other distracted drivers they will encounter.
With more than 35 years’ experience in transportation, both as a company driver and as owner and manager of my own regional trucking company, I’ve implemented successful programs to curb distracted driving; helping reduce the impact of these behaviors by teaching defensive driving.
Now at Acuity Insurance, I regularly provide our trucking and fleet customers with the support they need to achieve their goals, improve their safely, and optimize profits.
There is no shortage of distractions to contend with when driving. From classics like changing the radio, and looking at the scenery, to new, like GPS, sensors, and phones.
Technology continues to introduce new distractions to deal with. Defensive driving can be an important piece of a strategy to help combat distracted driving.
With most crashes being caused by the private passenger vehicle, not the truck, it’s important to know what you can control as the truck driver to reduce the chances of being in that situation. A distracted driving course can teach those foundational skills.
While a companywide focus on safe driving is paramount, there are other things that fleet owners can do to minimize distracted driving accidents and their impact.
Develop Comprehensive Policies to Help Build a Safer Fleet
Establishing and enforcing clear distracted driving policies is the foundation of a safer fleet. The policy should indicate that activities such as texting and using hand-held cellphones or similar devices are prohibited while driving, and failure to comply with the rule will result in disciplinary action.
Communicate these policies regularly and ensure drivers understand the consequences of noncompliance.
Enforce Policies Throughout the Year
Policies are meaningless without proper enforcement. Involve drivers by asking them to become ambassadors representing your fleet while on the road.
Demonstrate that company policies will be enforced. The old saying, “trust but verify” comes to mind. It’s important to trust your people but you should put the steps in place to check that they’re following your rules.
Invest in Efficient Training Programs
Provide regular training sessions that focus specifically on the dangers of distracted driving and ways to avoid it.
Interactive workshops and simulator exercises can help drivers understand the real impact of distractions on their ability to operate vehicles safely.
Additional periodic reminders can include sending information via paycheck stuffers and leaving information in vehicles. Acuity offers its customers free access to JJ Keller training materials, posters and in-cab adhesive decals reminding drivers of safe practices and company policies. Check with your insurance provider if they provide any resources.
Lean On New Fleet Technologies to Help Improve Safety
Install hands-free communication systems, GPS devices and other technologies that reduce the need for manual interaction with devices. Implementing telematics systems that monitor and report instances of distracted driving enable prompt intervention and corrective action.
Additionally, your fleet’s onboard communication systems should be locked while a vehicle is in motion. Most systems have the option to shut down devices when the vehicle is being used.
Encourage Rest And Breaks to all Drivers
Fatigue is a major contributor to distracted driving.
Promote a culture that prioritizes adequate rest and regular breaks for drivers. You can do this by setting realistic schedules, supplying adequate time for rest, educating on the dangers of fatigue, incentivizing compliance, and more.
Implement Incentive Programs
Recognize and reward drivers who consistently show safe driving habits. Incentive programs can motivate drivers to prioritize safety and discourage behaviors that contribute to distracted driving incidents.
Conduct Regular Vehicle Maintenance
Malfunctions and unexpected breakdowns can add to distractions and dangerous driving conditions.
Adhere to DOT regulations in maintaining commercial motor vehicle equipment minimizing the risk of distractions caused by vehicle-related issues.
Safety is an integral part of maximizing the productivity and profitability of your fleet. By teaching your drivers defensive driving techniques and having the right infrastructure and policies in place, you may have the ability to significantly mitigate risks commonly associated with distracted driving, which can result in a healthier, more profitable fleet.