Researchers at the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory have found that using a plug-in electric vehicle’s lithium-ion battery can help improve utility grid stability.
This form of energy storage could be used to increase the availability of peak-period electricity and store energy during periods of low demand, according to the NREL.
The researchers found that a plug-in electric vehicle’s lithium-ion battery retains about 70% of its initial capacity after its 15-year service life, making it a suitable energy storage option for electric utilities. Using it as energy storage would extend that service life 10 more years with a daily 50% depth of discharge duty cycle using NREL's battery degradation life model.
Analysis from the NREL shows that the cost of retrofitting a battery into storage could cost as little as $500.